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The "organized" exit from the state of health emergency adopted by the Parliament

While the bill organizing the exit from the state of health emergency on July 11 is criticized by the 
opposition as a “trompe-l'oeil” extension of the emergency regime, the Parliament adopted it definitively, Thursday, July 2 in the evening, by a final vote of the Assembly.

The text was approved by 50 votes to 12 and one abstention, with the support of elected representatives La République en Marche (LRM), MoDem and Agir, but without the votes of other groups on the right and left. The Senate, dominated by the right-wing opposition, had previously examined it one last time in the morning, rejecting it straight away.

Came into force on March 24 in the face of the Covid-19 epidemic, the state of health emergency, which makes it possible to restrict certain public freedoms, had been extended in May until July 10. The government intends to put an end to it, with the exception of Guyana and Mayotte where it will be extended "until October 30 inclusive", because the virus is still actively circulating there, and even very actively in Guyana where the peak of the epidemic is planned "mid-July-end of July".
For the rest of the country, the text allows during the same period restrictions on the movement of people, the reception of the public in certain establishments or gatherings; but also to impose tests for people traveling by plane between overseas territories and France; as well as the extension of the storage of certain data collected by health information systems, for epidemiological surveillance and research purposes, without identifying persons.

A form of “Gray area” criticized

For the Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, most of the state of health emergency "disappears", but "not to keep certain measures would be to pretend that the risks of restarting [the epidemic] do not did not exist ”.

If a new containment, such as the one put in place from March 17, had to be decided, the government would have to declare a state of health emergency again. "The goal is to do everything to avoid it," said Emmanuel Macron in an interview with the regional daily press Thursday evening, the head of state stressing that "we have not come out of the health crisis, but of its most acute phase "and evoking a phase of" great vigilance ".
The restrictions on freedoms allowed by the text, deemed too strict by the Senate, prevented an agreement with the deputies last week. The Senate had sought at first reading to be "constructive", by reducing the scope of possible restrictions. However, MEPs then reintroduced the possibility of prohibiting the circulation or ordering the temporary closure of establishments in certain parts of the territory in which an active circulation of the virus is observed.

Chairman of the Upper House Law Commission Philippe Bas (Les Républicains, LR) said on Thursday morning that the government "wants to keep the resources of the state of emergency without saying it". Likewise, the opposition on the right and on the left renewed their criticism of a form of "gray area". On behalf of La France insoumise (LFI), Alexis Corbière denounced a project "which reduces freedoms", with the UDI also expressing reservations about this "light" version.

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